La Famille DOYLE
Doyles are comming - L'arrivée amicale des Doyles en Irlande (Angus Mc Bride)
L'origine du nom DOYLE - The meaning of the name Doyle
C'est à partir de 795 que les vikings lancèrent des raids contre l'Irlande. Les chroniques de l'époque décrivent l'arrivée des "dubh-ghaill" dans le sud du pays entre Wexford et Dublin. C'était le début de deux siècles d'invasions et de pillages.
Les membres du clan Doyle doivent leur nom aux mots gaelics "Dubh-Ghaill" (qui se prononcent "Du-Gall"). Cela veut dire sombre/noir/mauvais étranger.
Deux groupes de vikings ont attaqué l'Irlande : les Lochlainn ou Norvégiens et les Danair ou Danois. Les Doyles auraient plutôt des origines danoises.
Petit à petit les pillards se sont installées et ont adopté les coutumes et la langue des irlandais.
Le nom aussi évolua et se transforma en O Dowill, Dowyll, O Dowile, O Doule, O Douell, Duggal, McDuggal, McDowell, Dowell, McDowall et Dowall. L'évolution moderne des noms en anglais donne maintenant "Doyle", "O’Doyle" ou "Dowell", "McDowell", en Ecosse on trouve des cousins "Dougall" ou "MacDougall" .
At dusk on a summer’s evening in the year 795 AD, a sinister looking high-prowed ship ploughed into the sands at Lambay Island just north of Howth Head on the east coast of Ireland near Dublin. Immediately from the body of the Longboat, the oarsmen rushed to attack the monastery of Saint Columkill. They slaughtered the monks, plundered the monastery for for all the gold and silver vessels they could find, and then disappeared back into the Irish Sea. The Irish Annalists, referring to the incident, describe the unwelcome arrivals as "dubh-ghaill".
The first "Doyles" had arrived in Ireland!
This was the beginning of more than two centuries of attack and invasion which had devastating effect on Ireland, and on the Irish monasteries in particular
Members of Clan Doyle /Clann O DubhGhaill ("Dubh-Ghaill" ... pronounced "Du-Gall") take their family surname from the Irish Gaelic words meaning "Dark/Evil Foreigner"; and this is just what the indigenous Celts called the Danish Vikings who started settling in Ireland and Scotland more than 1,000 years ago.
In Ireland, the annalists distinguished two groups among the raiding Vikings, the Lochlainn, or Norwegians, and the Danair, or Danes, the Norwegians being described as fair, the Danish as dark (because they wore chain-mail armour). Initially, the Norwegians dominated, and their raids were sporadic and unsystematic. From about 830, however a new phase of large-scale attacks, involving the use of fleets of long-ships, began, and the Vikings penetrated deep inland though the use of rivers and lakes. Attracted by the wealth of the monasteries and churches they plundered them steadily. From this period date the first Vikings' fortified settlements. In 852, the Danes wrested control of one of these settlements, the military and trading post of Dublin, from the Norwegians under their king Olaf (in Irish Amlaoimh), and founded the Danish Kingdom of Dublin which was to last three hundred years, until the coming of the Anglo-Normans.
5. Doyle Home Page (en Anglais)